0-6 Months Old
- At this age the most important role?a parent can play is to help the child trust the world.Maintain a calm and loving atmosphere at home.
- In this secure environment choose simple stories and songs in any language and read or sing to your child.
- The goal is to set the idea of rhythm. There is no need for your child to respond to what you are reading.
- Just let your child enjoy the sound of your voice and the pattern and rhythm of the sounds formed by the words.
- Do not show your child pictures, flash cards or books at this time as their vision will not be developed enough to appreciate the information. Instead allow them to reach out for brightly coloured objects and explore objects with all their senses.
12 Months Old
- This is the time to start stimulating the senses of hearing and vision with a specific aim to develop reading.
- Start playing games allowing your child to understand different shapes and colours. This does not mean teaching them the names of colours or shapes. Allow them to play with many brightly coloured and differently shaped toys. It is okay if they do not know the names.
- Play with different sounds too. Playing with toys that make different sounds imitating animal sounds, recording and listening to their own voice are simple activities to use. Simple acting songs and rhymes will also be good.
18 Months Old
- This is the average age to start simple flash cards. Develop flash cards with pictures of objects and words the child is already familiar with. Choose pictures and words from the immediate environment. Choose names of objects, concrete words, action words and simple words.
- Expose your child to an object. Let them explore the object with all their senses and then represent the same word as a picture. The last step is to represent the picture as a word. Many children are not ready for the word before they are 3 years old. Don’t rush into it and spoil the fun of reading objects, actions and pictures.
- Let your child also play games where they match the object and a picture. Later they will be able to match the object and word and also the word and the picture.