Coimbatore is one of the well developed cities of Southern Tamil Nadu. This heritage city was a part of Kongu (Tamil Nadu) and it served as the principal trade route between the West coast and Tamil Nadu. The history of Coimbatore dates back to the Sangam age. Coimbatore existed even prior to the 2nd Century AD as a small tribal village capital called Kongunad , the most predominant among the tribals were the Kosars who are reported to have had their headquaters at Kosampathur. Active trade between Kongu and the classical Roman world had attained its peak during this period. Years later, the surrounding forests were cleared, and a new village was formed called “Kovanputhur“, which later Anglicized as Koyambuthur, Koyamuthur, and Coimbatore.
The region was ruled by Sangam Cheras, and the major inhabitants were the tribal people (Kosars), later they came under the control of Rashtra Kutas. After some years, the Rashtra Kutas fell into the hands of Cholas. Ancient Coimbatore city was considered to be the birth place of the Cholas. The region was ruled under the control of Verachola to Raja Raja. Pateeshwar temple was built by Raja Raja. Lord Shiva, known as ‘Patteeswarar’, is the presiding deity of this temple .The deity is believed to be ‘Swayambu Lingam’ (self emerged).The temple is situated 7 km from noyyal river.
To offer service to the people the rulers built “ Rajakesari Peruvazhi”, a trade route that connects Bay of Bengal with the Arabian sea via Vellalore. The traders had to hide their valuables at certain spots on the highway and communicated their whereabouts among themselves through riddles that could be understood only by them Nizhal padai were provided by the kings to protect the travellers and their goods from the burglers. A Kalvettu there carries a thanks giving poem by the travellers to the chola king for giving protection for them and their goods. During the later years, the place became the hub for many cultural activities in the region. With its stunning shrines, amazing architecture and literary feats, the city soon became a popular attraction for the royalties.
– Coimbatore city is situated on the banks of the river Noyyal.
– Noyyal (Kanchinadi) one of the most sacred rivers, originates from the Vellingiri hills of the Western ghats.
– The river along with its interlinks and channels were constructed by the Chalukya and the Chola powers.
– The system was so effective that it provided water conveyance, storage and maintaining the underground water levels round the year.
Coimbatore is the third largest city in Tamilnadu, with a population of more than 15 lakhs. There are more than 30,000 tiny small, medium and large industries and textile mills. The city is known for its entrepreneurship of its residents. The climate is comfortable round the year. The rich black soil and tropical climate and the development of Hydroelectricity from the Pykara falls in the 1930s have led to a cotton boom in Coimbatore. Thus, it laid the foundation for establishment of textile industries. Due to the fertile soil it has lead to the growth of millet, paddy, cotton, tea, oil seeds and tobacco.
Being one of the main stations in southern Tamil Nadu, the Coimbatore railway station is the second busiest and revenue yielding railway stations of the state. Trains through Coimbatore connect to all the major cities in India. T Stanes company one of the oldest organisations in Coimbatore. The 200 year old company initially started with coffee curing and later ventured into agriculture, tea garden, textile, automobile dealerships, organic manure preparation etc., they are told to pioneer in pest and nutrition management.
Sugarcane Breeding Institute found in Coimbatore is regarded as one of the oldest crop research institutes in the world which was established in 1912. They have the largest collection of Germplasm in the world. They are mainly involved in creating superior varieties of sugarcane that can withstand the various agro climatic zones in the world.
The Gass Museum in the Forest College vicinity, Siruvani falls, Monkey falls, Ootacamund (Ooty), Isha centre, Valparai hills, CODISSIA Trade Fair Complex on Avinashi Road, Ukkadam lake are few places which deserves a visit at Coimbatore.