Corruption is a threat for any country, be it, a developed country or an underdeveloped country. It has a major impact on the social, political, economic progress of any country. It plays a major role in slowing down the economic development which creates instability for the smooth functioning of the Government. This affects the foundation of the democratic institutions and perverts the rule of law and order to be followed by any Nation. Fighting against corruption is a hectic challenge for any Nation.
The worst impact of corruption is that is affects the poor class of people drastically. Economic development is stunted because foreign direct investment is discouraged and small businesses within the country often find it impossible to overcome the “start-up costs” required because of corruption.
The barriers to prevent the eradication of corruption are factors like
Governments, the private sector, non-governmental organizations, the media and citizens around the world are joining forces to fight this crime. On 31 October 2003, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Convention against Corruption. The Assembly designated 9th December as International Anti-Corruption Day, to raise awareness of corruption. The Convention entered into force in December 2005.
International Anti-Corruption Day is celebrated worldwide with Governments, non-governmental organizations, individuals and international organizations organizing an array of activities to highlight how corruption harms countries and ordinary citizens. It is a time for political leaders, governments, legal bodies and lobby groups to work together against corruption work by promoting the day and the issues that surround this event. The theme for this year is “Break The Corruption Chain”
The causes of corruption in India include excessive regulations, complicated taxes and licensing systems, numerous government departments with discretionary powers, monopoly by government controlled institutions on certain goods and services delivery, and the lack of transparent laws and processes. Political corruption is worst in India. It weakens the governing of the society and thereby damages the importance of law. Tax evasion is another form of corruption. It is mostly practiced by Government officials and politicians who bribe for accumulating black money which in turn spoils the moral of the people.
In India there are lot of anti-corruption laws being enacted like The Indian Penal Code, 1860, Prosecution section of Income Tax Act, 196, Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, etc. Organisations like the Bharat Swabhiman Trust, India Against Corruption movement are some initiatives taken by the Indians to deal against corruption. The implementation of zero-rupee note has also been implemented to deal against people who bribe against legal rules and enforcement.
In India, there are lot of events and activities organised to support anti-corruption practices wherein there would be many educational debates and awareness programs conducted throughout the Nation. Some organizations hold special recognition ceremonies to pay tribute to people and projects that provide assistance to nations and communities in the battle against corruption. Other activities that promote the day include:
If cash payments seem abnormal, lavish gifts are appearing out of the blue or normal procedures are suddenly being by-passed you might want to consider if there is something else at work.
There are lot of evidences that one third of Indian Politicians face criminal charges for being corrupt. Hence, lets join our hands together to scrub out Corruption from India.