Peepal Prodigy CBSE school Coimbatore
Peepal Prodigy CBSE school Coimbatore

TREASURE TROVE OF INFORMATION – Wilhelm Roentgen

Without modern medical technology, life would remain vague. The invention of the X-rays in 1895 was an eye opener to the history of medicine. It was made possible to examine the internal body without having a cut into the flesh. Dr.Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen deserves the credentials for making this possible.

 
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Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen was born to Friedrich Conrad R?ntgen,?Charlotta Contanza Frowein at Lennep, Germany on 27th March 1845. He received his early education at the Institute of Martinus Herman van Doorn, and in 1861 he attended the Utrecht Technical School. Unfortunately he was expelled unfairly from his school after being accused of a prank another student had committed in 1863. He never completed high school and was kicked out of college. Despite these lacks of credentials, he not only went on to become a renowned physicist but he also received offers for teaching in many universities as a lecturer.

 

He was interested in building mechanical objects. This passion in him made him to study more in the field of Physics. He earned a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Zurich. Amiable and courteous by nature, he always understood the views and difficulties of others. He was always shy of having an assistant, and preferred to work alone. Much of the apparatus he used was built by him with great ingenuity and experimental skill.

 

Discovery of X-rays

Roentgen discovered his most famous invention?purely by chance. For decades, he had been studying the effects of electrical charge on the response and appearance of vacuum tubes.

 

 

Roentgen called it “X” to indicate it was an unknown type of radiation. Roentgen?s colleagues suggested calling them as Roentgen rays but he named it as the X-rays. It is interesting that the first use of X-rays were for an industrial (not medical) application, as Roentgen produced a radiograph of a set of weights in a box to show his colleagues. Thus a bizarre change has influenced the world of medical sciences where the internal structures of a body could be made visible without a surgery.

 

Awards

Numerous honours were showered upon him. In several cities, streets were named after him. Some of the notable awards won by him were,

 

Applications of X-rays