World food day is celebrated every year to eradicate hunger and save lives on earth. It is also known as the Food Engineer It was started by the former Hungarian Minister of Agriculture, Dr.Pal Romany to commemorate the birth of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The theme for this year is “Family Farming: Feeding the World, Caring for the Earth”. It is an effort to help raise the standard of living of the family farmers and the small holder farmers who help in providing the world with food. The official goal of the day is to “heighten public awareness of the world food problem and strengthen solidarity in the struggle against hunger, malnutrition and poverty.”
It focuses world attention on the significant role of family farming in eradicating hunger and poverty, providing food security and nutrition, improving livelihoods, managing natural resources, protecting the environment, and achieving sustainable development, in particular in rural areas.
China, India and the United States together produce half of the world’s grain. Researchers say that the world produces enough food to feed every person on earth. Developing countries suffer more food losses during agricultural production, while in middle- and high-income regions, food waste at the retail and consumer level tends to be higher. The global food loss accounts to around 26 percent of total production. Food wasted accounts to a total value of about US$1 trillion (€ 735 billion).If this state continues, by 2050, the world will start facing the deficit in food availability.
Statistics prove that more than 850 million people in the world are trapped into the mouth of hunger. Among them, around 60 percent of the hungry in the world are women. There are around 5 million infants dying out of hunger and malnutrition. The health condition of many kids is at a toss due to these serious issues of malnutrition. Their brain and body get damaged because of inadequate food. Worldwide, some estimate that 40 million people die each year because of hunger and diseases related to malnutrition. In India 24 percent of families suffer from food-less days.
Loss of job, low income earning, poor health, accidents is some common causes for hunger being a reason of occurrence. Global warming is also a cause for hunger wherein the earth’s natural resources get depleted and this causes a shortage of food supplies and production.
The World leaders signed up “The Millennium development goals” with a target to take measures to reduce the number of starving people to its half from the present status. The World Resources Institute (WRI) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) have identified the reduction of food loss as one of the leading global strategies for securing our food future.
The food produced in our country is produced by the family farmers. The food production by these small holders contributes to about 98 percent of the total food production. Though they feed the earth, they are the people who fall in the category of food-less. These farmers lack access to good seeds, proper cultivation methods, storage of the crops, access to market, financing, etc. These factors act as a threat to their cultivation and produce no profit for these hard workers. Hence, they starve for their living. Supporting these small family farmers can help the world to tackle with the deficit in the food production and availability.
Cutting the rate of global food loss and waste could help in tackling the food gap and thereby help in creating environmental and economic benefits. It is quite evident that the role played by the family farmers in feeding us and taking care of our earth is majestic. Hence let’s together celebrate the World Food Day, this year, by thanking these farmers and offering a helping hand to them by just NOT WASTING FOOD. Let’s learn to store food more efficiently and reduce wastage of food. Let’s also step forward to help the starving people by donating food to them.