World health day is celebrated on 7th of April every year. It is celebrated to mark the birthday of the World Health Organization. 2014 is the 66th anniversary of WHO. WHO was commemorated in the year 1948 since when they focussed on different themes to protect the health of the people world-wide. Through effective campaigns and preventive measures, WHO steps forward to eradicate the dreadful diseases depleting human lives. Past few years, the themes of WHO on the World Health Day were,
Apart from these themes, WHO has also played a major role in providing protection and preventive measures for global polio eradication, safe motherhood and road safety. The goal of World Health Day 2016 campaign is to provide awareness against diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Type 2 diabetes was once called adult-onset diabetes, is striking an ever-growing number of adults. Even more alarming, it’s now beginning to show up in teenagers and children. If the spread of type 2 diabetes continues at its present rate, Worldwide, the number of adults with diabetes will rise from 285 million in 2010 to 439 million in the year 2030. The problems behind the numbers are even more alarming. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness and kidney failure among adults. It causes mild to severe nerve damage that, coupled with diabetes-related circulation problems, often leads to the loss of a leg or foot. Diabetes significantly increases the risk of heart disease. And it’s the seventh leading cause of death.
People with blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet in the diabetic range have “pre-diabetes.”
The theme for World Health Day 2016 will be diabetes, a non-communicable disease (NCD) directly impacting millions of people of globally, mostly in low- and middle-income countries. Diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose which may over time lead to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. The most common is type 2 diabetes, usually in adults, which occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t make enough insulin. In the past three decades the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has raised dramatically in countries of all income levels. Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin by itself. For people living with diabetes, access to affordable treatment, including insulin, is critical to their survival. There is a globally agreed target to halt the rise in diabetes and obesity by 2025.
But diabetes is not just a health issue. Diabetes and its complications bring about substantial economic loss to people with diabetes and their families, and to health systems and national economies through direct medical costs and loss of work and wages.
Steps to control diabetes
Making a few lifestyle changes can dramatically lower the chances of developing type 2 diabetes. The same changes can also lower the chances of developing heart disease and some cancers.
They key to preventing type 2 diabetes can be boiled down to five words: Stay lean and stay active.